Katanya menulis itu butuh latihan yang sering. Kemampuan menulis tidak lahir begitu saja, meskipun ada beberapa orang yang lihai menulis meski tidak belajar secara ekstensif. Tulisan kali ini bertema sahabat, atau orang yang disebut sahabat. Orang-orang seperti inilah yang kerap kali kita lupa, kita terkadang selalu mencari yang serupa dengan kita. Kita cenderung mencari yang hobinya sama, yang memiliki pemikiran sama, padahal ada juga orang-orang yang sejatinya mirip dengan kita, hanya saja kita tidak berkomunikasi dengan mereka.
Sebenarnya saya sedang menulis tentang Wisuda. Sudah seminggu saya resmi memegang gelar M.T.I, tetapi rasanya tidak ada yang istimewa. Dari dulu saya sangat percaya bahwa berlian itu mahal, dan tidak semua orang mampu untuk memilikinya. Dari wisuda hingga berlian, memangnya apa hubungannya sih?
Case building will map on key things that we would deliver in a debate, thus making it very important. As important as the debate itself. Now we are going to discuss on key things you need in building your case.
After we know what we are going to talk about and all the details, we are going to wrote keynotes on our papers. Usually, people will write all chronological of their speech to make them easier to keynoting their speech. For example:
- Tidiness and Structure
Case 1 : Opinion
Everyone have opinions! For example, I live in Jakarta and believe that Jakarta is the Best Town in Indonesia. What do you think? Do you agree? Or disagree?
If the point is not important, it may be unimportant because it has nothing to do with the resolution and thus not relevant, or maybe, a very small numerical difference and thus not significant, or finally, it maybe a very simple problem that is easy to solve.
A deputy should….
- Actively participates in helping his/her 1st speaker.
- Willingly gives up argument that he/she though of.
- Does not give a damn about speaker tab.
- Has faith in the inexhaustibility of arguments for a given debate.
Deputies are like SPICE GIRLS
Deputies General Strategies
- If the opponents give a case that deals with both political and economic implications, respond with a case that deals with both.
- If their complaint is something like, “they have to show us that local governments have the capability to raise money by themselves in a federalized state,” make sure YOU ANSWER THAT CHALLENGE
- Come up with relevant arguments
- Common sickness of 2ndspeakers: just coming up with peripheral arguments (“fringe benefits case”)
- “But I did not shoot the deputy”
- Deputies are oftentimes ignored by other debaters.
- Prove the importance of anything you say. Why are you relevant? Why should the adjudicator remember this point?
- Because response speakers often think “out of the box,” there is a propensity to give arguments that sound logical, but do not translate well to real life nuances.
- What is logical is not always a valid argument.
- Work with the REAL world
Example of Un-Intuitive Arguments
- THBT the first world should support outsourcing
- “Outsourcing is still beneficial for first world countries because now that third world countries do the ‘dirty jobs,’ laborers from the first world can focus on the burgeoning IT industries.”
- This sounds LOGICAL, but it is not realistic. Can a carpenter or assembly-line worker from Montana really learn how to program Linux or network computers? Maybe they can, but it will take 5 years, willingness to learn, access to instructional institutions, and the like. Work with the REAL WORLD.
Second Speaker Swiss-Knife
- Swiss knife: Handy arguments that, while they might not always work, at least give you something to say
- 1.The message argument – what a certain policy implies to the int’l community/marginalized sectors
- 2.The balance argument – make sure its doesn’t parrot; it should be but heavily comparative between models
- 3.The “new context” argument to break ties – argue post 9/11 scenario, the Lisbon agenda/info revolution, Greater societal tolerance or Post-modernity (for race/gender debates)
- 4.Analyzing new actors – Who else is involved? Prove why this other actor is important as well.
- 5.Establishing normative values and showing how your policy fulfills this
- 6.On the ground analysis – “THIS is what happens in the real world.”
- 7.Meta-argument: arguing for the argument
The End of Swiss Knife… Cheers. Signing off
The triangle that unites speakers who are forced to make quick cases while trying to respond to the other side.
That is the point. When you as the LO, then you have to response the Prime Minister, and DPM would response you as well.
The thing is, how is it going?
Basically there are the outline that should be brought by Leader and Deputi. There are :
- Model diagnosis
- General disposition
- General strategy
- The Swiss Knife
The main point of rebuttal is to PROVE the other side that they are wrong about their frame. And also, this type of phrase is not allowed in debate if you want to win the debate.
- There is almost never a root cause for a problem.
- A model can’t be expected to solve anything.
- Push debating / burden-pushing is SO LOW CLASS
Don’t be afraid to concede certain arguments. If you can’t rebut an argument, just weigh its value against those of your arguments.
Steps in LO : Model Diagnosis
- Step 1 : Check for feasibility
- Step 2 : Examine the parties that get affected
- Step 3 : Based on your assesment of the model’s strenghts and weaknesses, formulate a line of clash.
Hem. I already finished with the Training Guide. Now, I’ll let you be more comfortable than before. I’ll index it up in here and also in the side of the blog. No further delay…
Happy reading. Your enjoyment is feed for me. Then, I would be happy if you click the ads.
~Nisa Signing off